Information Technology
Preparation & Advancement


There are many ways to prepare for IT occupations, although you must first have a high school diploma or GED. Many employers seek applicants with degrees in technical fields. A bachelor's degree in computer science, information science, or management information systems (MIS) is often preferred. However, people with degrees in other majors or those with associate degrees also find jobs in computer-related occupations. Different employers have different needs. Often the applicant’s technology skills are more important than his/her college major.

Employers look for applicants with broad knowledge and experience with computer network systems. They also look for people with strong problem-solving and analysis skills. Technicians must be able to communicate effectively with those who have no technical background.


Certification in one or more of the common network operating systems may improve an applicant’s chances for employment and helps workers maintain adequate skill levels throughout their careers.


A worker may advance to a job as a computer network support technician, data communications analyst, network specialist or network administrator.