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Mathematics
Discipline Description

Mathematics is the study of numbers, forms, patterns and relationships using rigorously defined literal, numerical and operational symbols. Through abstraction and logical reasoning, mathematics evolved from a tool for counting and measuring into an analytical subject. It encompasses arithmetic, geometry, algebra and calculus (a particularly significant invention in the progress of mathematical thought). Today, mathematics is an essential tool in many fields including natural science, engineering, medicine, computer science, social science and more.